نسخه آزمایشی

کنفرانسی درباره جهانی سازی علم، کالج هولی کراس، آمریکا

مرکز دین، اخلاق و فرهنگ در کالج هولی کراس آمریکا از متقاضیان برای ارائه چکیده های خود برای کنفرانسی با عنوان «جهانی سازی علم در خاورمیانه و شمال آفریقا» دعوت به عمل آورد. ارائه مقاله در این کنفرانس در قالب پوستر می باشد. متقاضیان برای ارائه چیکده های خود تا 30 سپتامبر سال جاری میلادی فرصت دارند.

 

Call for Posters for Poster Session—The Globalization of Science in the
Middle East and North Africa, 18th-20th Centuries


The Center for Religion, Ethics, and Culture and the Middle Eastern
Studies Concentration at the College of the Holy
Cross([http://www.holycross.edu<http://www.holycross.edu/]http://www.holycross.edu<http://www.holycross.edu/>) invites
abstract submissions (300 words) for posters to be presented at a
conference to be held March 24-25, 2017 entitled, The Globalization of
Science in the Middle East and North Africa, 18th-20thCenturies (see
abstract below).


Poster abstracts are due by SEPTEMBER 30, 2016. Send poster abstracts to
Sahar Bazzaz and Jane Murphy at
globalizationofscience@gmail.com<mailto:globalizationofscience@gmail.com>.
Participants will be notified of their participation by OCT. 30, 2016.

The conference will consist of 4 panels of 3 papers each, a keynote
address by Dr. Carla Nappi (http://www.history.ubc.ca/people/carla-nappi),
and a poster session. We hope to have at least 15-20 presenters who are
willing to share their very interesting projects with other conference
attendees. We believe that such presence and participation will greatly
enrich the conversations we hope to generate at the conference while also
allowing scholars in the fields of History of Science and Middle Eastern
Studies to become acquainted with each other’s work. While the poster
session has been a mainstay of STEM conferences, its utility in the
Humanities has only begun to be appreciated. We hope to contribute to
expanding the poster session format as an important and useful practice of
knowledge dissemination and exchange. For all poster presenters, CREC will
cover the costs of conference meals, printing and
displaying your poster.


Conference Abstract:
The nineteenth and twentieth centuries mark the period in which science
became globalized and institutionalized as a dominant epistemology
trumping all others. The scientific study of the natural world (Botany,
Taxonomy, Systematics, Geology, Comparative zoology), of human behavior
and society (Psychology and Sociology), and of the past (History and
Archeology) emerged and developed their own disciplinary methodologies and
notions of expertise and professionalism. As a way of understanding the
globalization of science in non-European contexts such as the Middle East
and North Africa (MENA), scholars have turned to the field sciences such
as natural history, geology, and cartographic surveying, highlighting
these disciplines’ intimate connection to imperial conquest and global
trade networks. Drawing on germinal works of Michel Foucault and Edward
Said, some have argued that the ‘sciences’ served as a powerful tool in
the hands of European conquerors.  According to this view, disciplines
including mapping, statistical census gathering, natural history,
archaeology, and the taxonomy of peoples, languages, and religious
traditions allowed Europeans to define, categorize and
order—to“know”—colonized territories and peoples and hence to dominate and
rule them. But as critics have pointed out, this perspective
problematically attributes the spread of the taxonomical revolution beyond
Europe to “the often violent imposition of ‘rationality’ on cultures
originally endowed with ‘another reason’.” Furthermore, science as an
epistemology is now firmly entrenched in and embraced by Middle Eastern
societies suggesting that its advent was something more than simply
imposition. In order to challenge the ‘science as imposition’ narrative
and to develop a more nuanced understanding of the globalization of
science in the region—its perceived promises and perils and the role of
local epistemologies in the development of modern science—this panel
considers the reception/assimilation/rejection/translation of scientific
theories and practices by the peoples of the region through examples from
a variety of scientific disciplines. While the politics of knowledge
production occurred in the context of state modernization (as in Ottoman
Egypt and the central lands of the Ottoman empire), on one hand, and the
extension of European power into these regions, on the other, the panel
considers other social, economic, and intellectual developments, which
shaped (and were shaped by) this process.

This conference brings together scholars from the Middle East, Europe,
the United States, and Canada, and will explore important issues related
to the history of science in the MENA region during the
18th-20thcenturies—a critical period of change and modernization when
Middle Easterners were concerned about the rising power of European
states and societies and the weakness of Islamic ones in relation to
them. Conference participants will present papers, which consider the
nature of encounters between Islamic societies and the west as the
balance of power between these regions shifted in the favor of Europe,
including the role of science in modernization and development in the
MENA region, the relationship between modern science and religion
(Islam), the effects of European imperialism on the spread of modern
science in the MENA (and the Global South more generally), and the use of
science and technology by MENA states and societies to combat foreign
domination in the region.

Contact Info:
Sahar Bazzaz and Jane Murphy (globalizationofscience@gmail.com)

Contact Email:
globalizationofscience@gmail.com